This nOde last updated January 2nd, 2003 and is permanently morphing...
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A region and former duchy of southern Germany. Conquered by the Romans in 15 B.C., the region became one of the five preeminent duchies of medieval Germany but was later overrun and ruled by numerous factions and powers.
Bavaria, state in southeastern Germany, bordering the Czech Republic and Austria. Bavaria is the largest German state, with an area of 70,546 sq km (27,238 sq mi). The population is 11,448,800 (1990 estimate). Munich is the capital.
The Danube River lies in the southern and central regions. North of the Danube is a rolling upland. The Bavarian Forest lines the northeast border with the Czech Republic. South of the Danube, rising upland is cut by numerous river valleys. The Bavarian Alps occupy the extreme south. The people are largely Roman Catholics. Agriculture dominates the economy, but Munich, Nuremberg, and Augsburg are industrial centers. Bavaria has a cabinet government headed by a minister-president who is responsible to a legislature.
Bavaria was ruled successively by the Romans, various Germanic tribes, the Carolingian dynasty, and the Bavarian family of Wittelsbach. The region's fertile soil and strategic position led to frequent invasions in the 1600s and 1700s. In the early 1800s Bavaria tended to support Austria against Prussia. Later Bavaria sided with Prussia, and in 1871 it joined the German Empire. In the 1930s and 1940s, Munich became the headquarters of the National Socialist (Nazi) party during the regime of Adolf Hitler. In 1949 Bavaria became a constituent state of West Germany, which in 1990 united with East Germany to form the Federal Republic of Germany.
Well known for its universities,
librarys; a place of high culture, art, music and such. The Celts
who lived there were first pushed out by the Romans and then in the years
around 500 it was invaded and settled by a Germanic tribe known as the
Bawarii, where the name Bavaria comes from, Bawarii was derived from Baya-Hemum
(Bohemia), where they came from previously...