AT&T establishes Bell Laboratories to consolidate research and development for the Bell System's telephone companies.
The transistor (initially known simply as a solid-state amplifier) demonstrated December 23 by Bell Laboratories physicists William Shockley, 38, John Bardeen, 40, and Walter H. Brattain, 46, will replace the glass vacuum tube pioneered by Bell Labs physicist H. D. Arnold in 1912. The tiny but rugged three-electrode transistor will permit miniaturization of electronic devices such as computers, radios, and television sets and lead to the development of guided missiles.
A solar battery developed by Bell Laboratories makes it possible to convert sunlight directly to electric power.
The mesa introduced by Bell Telephone Laboratories is a new kind of transistor
Bell Laboratories announces
December 20 that it has perfected a one-megabit random access memory
chip able to store on a tiny sliver of silicon
four times as much information
as anything now available.