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Jung, Carl Gustav
Jung (y¢ng), Carl Gustav
Swiss psychiatrist who founded analytical psychology. Among his contributions to the understanding of the human mind are the concepts of extraversion and introversion and the notion of the collective unconscious. Jung's works include The Psychology of the Unconscious (1912) and Psychological Types (1921).
Jung, Carl Gustav
Jung, Carl Gustav (1875-1961), Swiss psychiatrist, who founded the analytical school of psychology. He was born in Kesswil. Jung interpreted mental and emotional disturbances as an attempt to find personal and spiritual wholeness. His work on word association, in which a patient's responses to stimulus words revealed what Jung called complexes, brought him international renown and led him to a close collaboration with Austrian psychoanalyst Sigmund Freud. However, Jung declared his independence from Freud's narrowly sexual interpretation of the libido by showing the close parallels between ancient myths and psychotic fantasies and by explaining human motivation in terms of a larger creative energy.
Especially influential in Jung's theories were the dreams and fantasies of his childhood. In Psychological Types (1921), he proposed the now well-known personality types, extrovert and introvert. He later made a distinction between the personal unconscious, the repressed feelings and thoughts developed during an individual's life, and the collective unconscious, those inherited feelings, thoughts, and memories shared by all humanity. The collective unconscious, according to Jung, is made up of what he called archetypes, or primordial images, that manifest themselves symbolically in religions, myths, fairy tales, and fantasies.
Because the European does
not know his own unconscious, he does not understand the East and projects
into it everything he fears and despises in himself.
Carl Jung (1875-1961), Swiss psychiatrist. R. J. Van Helsdingen, Beelden uit het onbewuste, Foreword (1957), included in Jung's Collected Works, vol. 18 (ed. by William McGuire).
Every form of addiction is
bad, no matter whether the narcotic be alcohol or morphine or idealism.
Carl Jung (1875-1961), Swiss psychiatrist. _Memories, Dreams, Reflections_, ch. 12 (1963).
Our blight is ideologies- they are the long-expected
Carl Jung (1875-1961), Swiss psychiatrist. The Tibetan Book of the Great Liberation (1954; repr. in Collected Works, vol. 11, para. 778, ed. by William McGuire, 1958).
If one does not understand
a person, one tends to regard him as a fool.
Carl Jung (1875-1961), Swiss psychiatrist. Mysterium Coniunctionis (1955-56; repr. in Collected Works, vol. 14, para. 147, ed. by William McGuire, 1963).
In all chaos
there is a cosmos, in all disorder a secret order.
Carl Jung (1875-1961), Swiss psychiatrist. Collected Works, vol. 9, "Archetypes of the Collective Unconscious," pt. 1 (1959; ed. by William McGuire).
Masses are always breeding grounds of psychic epidemics.
Carl Jung (1875-1961), Swiss psychiatrist. Concerning Rebirth (1940; repr. in Collected Works, vol. 9, pt. 1, para. 227, ed. by William McGuire, 1959).
The heaping together of paintings
by Old Masters in museums is a catastrophe; likewise, a collection of a
hundred Great Brains makes one big fathead.
Carl Jung (1875-1961), Swiss psychiatrist. Review (1934; repr. in Collected Works, vol. 10, "Civilization in Transition," ed. by William McGuire, 1961).
So often among so-called
"primitives" one comes across spiritual personalities who immediately
inspire respect, as though they were the fully matured products of an undisturbed
Carl Jung (1875-1961), Swiss psychiatrist. Marriage as a Psychological Relationship (1925; repr. in Collected Works, vol. 17, para. 336, ed. by William McGuire, 1954).
An inflated consciousness is always egocentric
and conscious of nothing but its own existence. It is incapable of learning
from the past, incapable of understanding contemporary events, and incapable
of drawing right conclusions about the future. It is hypnotized by itself
and therefore cannot be argued with. It inevitably dooms itself to calamities
that must strike it dead.
Carl Jung (1875-1961), Swiss psychiatrist. Psychology and Alchemy (1944; repr. in Collected Works, vol. 12, para. 563, ed. by William McGuire, 1968).
The man who promises everything
is sure to fulfil nothing, and everyone who promises too much is in danger
of using evil means in order to carry out his promises, and is already
on the road to perdition.
Carl Jung (1875-1961), Swiss psychiatrist. After the Catastrophe (1945; repr. in Collected Works, vol. 10, para. 413, ed. by William McGuire, 1964).
Psychiatrist Carl Gustav Jung rediscovered the images and principles of alchemy surfacing in the dreams and compulsions of his patients and began a lifelong study of the subject. He concluded that alchemical images explain the archetypal roots of the modern mind and underscores a process of transformation leading to the integration of the personality.
I had to abandon the idea of the superordinate position of the ego. ... I saw that everything, all paths I had been following, all steps I had taken, were leading back to a single point -- namely, to the mid-point. It became increasingly plain to me that the mandala is the centre. It is the exponent of all paths. It is the path to the centre, to individuation. I knew that in finding the mandala as an expression of the self I had attained what was for me the ultimate.
- C. G. Jung. _Memories, Dreams, Reflections_
"...Jung has pointed out that a true symbol appears only when there is need to express what thought cannot think or what is only divined or felt..."
"This 'visionary rumor'[of UFOs], as can also be seen in many dreams of our time, is an attempt by the Collective Unconscious psyche to heal the split in our apocalyptic age by means of the symbol of the circle."
- Man and his Symbols, 1964
Why Did The Chicken Cross The Road?
Carl Jung: The confluence of events
in the cultural gestalt necessitated that individual chickens cross roads at
this historical juncture, and therefore synchronicitously brought such occurrences
_Flying Saucers: A Modern Myth of Things Seen in the Sky_(1959)
San Francisco punk group The Nuns (ca. 1978):
vocalist Jennifer Miro's
grandmother, Elizabeth Goodrich Whitney, studied with Swiss psychiatrist
C.G. Jung in Zurich
"I feel that the root of the enigma is to be found in the properties of whole numbers."
-- Jung on Synchronicity, _Letters 1951-1961_