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A desert of southeast Mongolia and northern China. It consists mainly of a series of shallow alkaline basins.
Gobi, extensive desert area in central Asia, principally in Mongolia. It is about 1610 km (about 1000 mi) wide and about 970 km (about 600 mi) long. It is located west of the Da Hinggan Ling (Greater Khingan Range) and east of the Tien Shan range. The Gobi is essentially a plateau set between higher mountains. The surface consists mostly of rolling gravel plains interspersed with low ranges and isolated hills. Most of the region has a thin growth of grass, scrub, and thorn sufficient to feed the flocks of the nomadic herders who live on the plateau.
The first Europeans to cross
the Gobi were Italian traveler Marco Polo and his father and uncle, who
completed the trek about 1275. In modern times a number of expeditions
have explored the Gobi, including several under the leadership of American
naturalist Roy Chapman Andrews during the 1920s. Andrews's discoveries
included fossilized dinosaur