Kandinsky or Kandinski
(kàn-dîn´skê, ken-dyîn´-), Wassily
Russian abstract painter who considered form and color capable of expression. A founder of Blau Reiter, a German group of abstract expressionists, he also taught at the Bauhaus School (1922-1933).
Kandinsky, Wassily (1866-1944), Russian painter, who as an artist and a theorist played a pivotal role in the development of abstract art. Born in Moscow, Kandinsky executed his early paintings in a naturalistic style. In 1909, after a trip to Paris where he was impressed by art movements such as fauvism and postimpressionism, his paintings became highly colored and loosely organized. Around 1913 he began working on the first totally abstract paintings in modern art. In 1911, along with Franz Marc and other German expressionists, Kandinsky formed the artistic group Der Blaue Reiter. Kandinsky's influence on the course of 20th-century art was further increased by his activities as a theorist and teacher. In 1912 he published Concerning the Spiritual in Art, the first theoretical treatise on abstraction. He later taught at the Moscow Academy of Fine Arts and at the Bauhaus in Dessau, Germany. After World War I (1914-1918), Kandinsky's abstractions became increasingly geometric in form. Composition VIII No. 260 (1923, Guggenheim Museum, New York City), for instance, is composed solely of geometric shapes.
the only edition of _Cabaret
Voltaire_ magazine - June 15, 1916. contributions from Kandinsky,
Arp, Modigliani, et al.
named after the Russian abstractionist painter, is depicted here as a swirling pattern that represents an energy distribution in the theory of axions, a kind of scalar field.